Vol. 12 No. 2 (2021)
Articles

Scientific publications of affiliated authors in Italy retracted due to fraud. Review and analysis

Gonzalo Marco-Cuenca
Universidad de Zaragoza, Departamento de Ciencias de la Documentación e Historia de la Ciencia, Facultad de Medicina Grupo de Investigación IDEALab
José Antonio Salvador-Oliván
Universidad de Zaragoza, Departamento de Ciencias de la Documentación e Historia de la Ciencia, Facultad de Medicina Grupo de Investigación IDEALab
Rosario Arquero-Avilés
Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Departamento de Ciencias de la Documentación, Facultad de Ciencias de la Documentación Grupo de Investigación IDEALab
Chiara Faggiolani
Dipartimento di Lettere e Culture Moderne.Università degli Studi "La Sapienza" di Roma. BIBLAB - Laboratorio di BIblioteconomia sociale e ricerca applicata alle biblioteche
Brenda Siso-Calvo
Universidad de Zaragoza, Departamento de Ciencias de la Documentación e Historia de la Ciencia, Facultad de Filosofía y Letras Grupo de Investigación IDEALab

Published 2021-05-15

Keywords

  • Scientific fraud,
  • Retractations,
  • Plagiarism,
  • Data falsification,
  • Data fabrication

How to Cite

Marco-Cuenca, G., Salvador-Oliván, J. A., Arquero-Avilés, R., Faggiolani, C., & Siso-Calvo, B. (2021). Scientific publications of affiliated authors in Italy retracted due to fraud. Review and analysis. JLIS.It, 12(2), 23−38. https://doi.org/10.4403/jlis.it-12711

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to review the publications retracted due to fraud written by authors with affiliation in Italy in the period 2000-2020. For the identification of retracted publications, Retraction Watch Database has been used and Web of Science and Pubmed databases have been used for their verification and review. A total of 112 retractions were obtained due to fraud related the criteria defined in the methodology. The results obtained establish that the main cause of retraction due to scientific misconduct has been plagiarism, which represents 77.68% of the retractions reviewed. 20.54% of retractions are associated with data falsification/fabrication and 1.79% with both causes. There is an average of 5.6 articles retracted per year in the period analyzed. The most frequent type of retracted works are research articles in the area of Life Sciences and Biomedicine. It is noteworthy that 37% of the articles continue to be cited after their retraction.

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