2024-01-15T17:44:47+00:00 Editorial board Open Journal Systems <p> —Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science— is an academic, cross-disciplinary, peer-reviewed, and open access journal, aiming to value innovative international research.</p> <p> achieved the <a href="">DOAJ Seal of Approval for Open Access Journals</a> (the DOAJ Seal), <strong>a mark of certification for open access journals</strong>, awarded by DOAJ to journals that achieve a high level of openness, adhere to Best Practice and high publishing standards.</p> <p>Moreover is ranked by <a href="">ANVUR</a>, the Italian National Agency for the Evaluation of the University and Research Systems, as a <strong>"Classe A" journal</strong>. It's also indexed in <em>Emerging sources Citation Index</em> and <em>Scopus databases</em>.</p> <p><strong>Editor in chief: </strong><a>Mauro Guerrini</a>, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Italy and Federico Valacchi, Università di Macerata, Italy</p> <p><strong>ISSN (online): </strong>2038-1026</p> The convergence of Artificial Intelligence and Digital Skills: a necessary space for Digital Education and Education 4.0 2024-01-15T17:44:06+00:00 Miguel-Ángel Marzal Maurizio Vivarelli <p>An analysis study of the state of the art on the convergence process first, then confluence, final symbiosis between Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Digital Competences (CD) for Digital Education and 4.0 is presented, following a descriptive and diachronic method to be able to analyze from different points of view the complexity, problems and opportunities that this process implies, trying to present, in each of the phases of study of this phenomenon, the models, experiences and lines of research that illustrate the educational impact of this symbiosis . The study proceeds to analyze:</p> <p>1) first, the characteristics of AI and the drivers that have led to its impact on Education (Educational Artificial Intelligence),</p> <p>2) the challenges that this impact on Education has brought about,</p> <p>3) and the initiatives of political, social, and educational agents to assimilating the effects of AI in educational innovation.</p> <p>4) Then the analysis stops at the definition, characters, properties and initiatives of the DC in Education. Analyzed in pairs, a detailed analysis is made of the symbiosis process that can promote Education 4.0: the changes in the behavior of the agents in the educational process, the tools and good practices that lead to an effective use of this symbiosis, the progress of intelligent technologies in Education, the enunciation of own educational objectives, which are generating new educational models and also the proposal of new evaluation systems.</p> 2024-01-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Miguel-Ángel Marzal, Maurizio Vivarelli Conceptual model for universal bibliographic control 2024-01-15T17:42:59+00:00 Sandra Gisela Martin <p>A proposal is presented for a conceptual model of universal bibliographic control based on general systems theory (GST) and considered as a global system with a decentralized, distributed, collaborative, interconnected and linked model structure. The CBU is reflected on based on the four principles of relevant knowledge proposed by Morin (1999): context, global, multidimensional and complex; and nine dimensions of analysis are proposed: theoretical/conceptual framework, political, legislative, librarian, collaborative, normative, technological, relational, services.</p> 2024-01-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Sandra Gisela Martin The reconciliation of SBN authority records with Wikidata. Progresses and perspectives after a decade of work (2013-2023) 2024-01-15T17:43:13+00:00 Camillo Carlo Pellizzari di San Girolamo <p class="western"><span lang="en-GB">The article retraces diachronically the history of the reconciliation of Opac SBN’s authority records with Wikidata, from the perspective of the editing activity on Wikidata; the article deals with the creation of the property used in Wikidata to connect to Opac SBN’s name authority file (P396), the progressive growth of the number of values of P396 in Wikidata (compared with the identifiers of other European authority files), the reconciliation strategies that have been adopted and the main difficulties which have slowed down this process, and finally the relevant novelties brought firstly by the adoption of the new Opac SBN and secondly by the recent decisions taken by ICCU in order to promote a greater data openness.</span></p> 2024-01-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Camillo Carlo Pellizzari di San Girolamo The evolution of authority work in SBN. From origins to Alphabetica and future prospects 2024-01-15T17:43:27+00:00 Valentina Atturo Elena Ravelli <p>The article focuses on the main innovations and lines of action by ICCU on the authority headings in the SBN Opac, which open new perspectives on data integration. This work gives an account of the qualitative review activities carried out by the Working Group for the management and maintenance of the Authority File of SBN, the updates of SBN’s authority headings rules among with their recent opening the Opac, the creation of redirects for merged headings, the implementation of LOD and API, and the innovations brought by the Alphabetica portal. These novelties will be followed closely by further advances that will be characterizing Index 3. </p> 2024-01-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Valentina Atturo, Elena Ravelli Subject indexing of normative acts 2024-01-15T17:44:20+00:00 Ignazio Pirronitto <p>Subject indexing can be related to normative acts in the development of semantic metadataction aimed at not-book resources. The survey demonstrates how the indexing process by subject can be applied to this special type of resources, so as to facilitate their management in a knowledge organization. The study attempts to apply the Italian system of subject indexing in each of its steps, and practical examples are suggested on how to provide semantic access points that enable the search for regulatory acts by subject. A specific in-depth study is devoted to bringing out all the semantic aspects that can be considered with regards to the subject of a norm and how this can be declined in order to bring out firstly, what the “aboutness” of the resource is, secondly, what the “isness” of a normative act is, and finally, what is required to create strings of subject built based on the “ofness” of the resource.</p> 2024-01-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Ignazio Pirronitto Hachette v. Internet Archive 2023-12-10T17:29:03+00:00 Fabio Mercanti <p style="font-weight: 400;">In June 2020, some major publishers - Hachette Book Group, HarperCollins, John Wiley &amp; Sons, Penguin Random House - sued the Internet Archive for copyright infringement. The case is about the activity of the Open Library and of the National Emergency Library managed by Internet Archive. These offered digitisation and lend of printed books owned by the libraries, some of which were protected by copyright. This activity was carried out on the basis of Controlled Digital Lending, a theory not provided by US copyright law. In its March 2023 ruling, the Court agreed with the plaintiffs. In the first part of the article, the activities of the Open Library and the National Emergency Library are briefly reconstructed and the development of the litigation is put into context. The second part is dedicated to Controlled Digital Lending: the implementation process is defined, the position of its theorists is explored and the legal framework on which it is based, is reconstructed. The third part presents the main reasons for the prosecution and the Court's decision. Finally, some reflections are proposed.</p> 2023-12-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Fabio Mercanti Digital curation and long-term digital preservation in libraries 2024-01-15T17:43:53+00:00 Valdo Pasqui <p>For over twenty years public institutions and foundations committed in cultural heritage curation and preservation worked up methodologies, strategies and techniques for long-term digital preservation of digital resources. Thanks to a relevant number of initiatives and services carried on by international institutions and specialized agencies, public and private libraries reached a high level of awareness in this field which requires continuous adaptation due to the constant evolution of publishing industry and the rapid emergence of Open Science.</p> <p>After a quick review of digital preservation milestones, this article looks at some emerging trends and issues which characterize the constant transformation of digital preservation landscape. Dynamic generated digital contents and Open Science to fulfil findability, accessibility, interoperability and reuse (FAIR) of digital assets are engaging new challenges for existing digital preservation services. Digital curation and digital preservation are deeply merged and proceed in parallel to assure long-term usage of digital resources and data. How to select and deploy digital preservation platforms is another complex area where Cloud services can offer the opportunity to reduce the costs of technical infrastructures maintenance and management. Policy and decision making institutional levels need more awareness to draw up digital preservation strategies and to activate services to assure digital contents and data long-term access and reuse. Finally the paper suggests to promote “digital preservation by design” as a new base rule to be applied since the conception of every project and initiative in the cultural heritage, scientific and academic contexts.</p> 2024-01-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Valdo Pasqui Quality Assessment of Research Comparisons in the Open Research Knowledge Graph 2024-01-15T17:44:33+00:00 Jennifer D'Souza Hassan Hussein Julia Evans Lars Vogt Oliver Karras Vinodh Ilangovan Anna-Lena Lorenz Sören Auer <p style="line-height: 100%; margin-bottom: 0.08in;">The Open Research Knowledge Graph (ORKG) is a digital library for machine-actionable scholarly knowledge, with a focus on structured research comparisons obtained through expert crowdsourcing. While the ORKG has attracted a community of more than 1,000 users, the curated data has not been subject to an in-depth quality assessment so far. Here, proposed as a first exemplary step, within a team of domain experts, we evaluate the quality of six selected ORKG Comparisons based on three criteria, namely: 1) the quality of semantic modelling, 2) the maturity of the Comparisons in terms of their completeness, syntactic representation, identifier stability, and their linkability mechanisms ensuring the interoperability and discoverability. Finally, 3) the informative usefulness of the Comparisons to expert and lay users. We have found that each criterion addresses a unique and independent aspect of quality. Backed by the observations of our quality evaluations presented in this paper, a fitting model of knowledge graph quality appears one that is indeed multidimensional as ours.</p> 2024-01-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Jennifer D'Souza, Hassan Hussein, Julia Evans, Lars Vogt, Oliver Karras, Vinodh Ilangovan, Anna-Lena Lorenz, Sören Auer Citation metrics and strategic mutations of scientific research: narratives and evidence 2024-01-15T17:44:47+00:00 Luca Guerra <p>Following the diffusion of the management model promoted by the New Public Management also within universities, sectors until then endowed with particular protection, such as the academic one, were progressively subjected to new controls and constraints, which gradually took the form of quantitative surveys, with a growing role of citation metrics. These evaluation processes have given rise to various important critical positions at an international level.</p> <p>If it is true that, according to Goodhart's law, "when a measure becomes an objective it ceases to be a good measure”, it is even more significant to note that when a measure becomes an objective, what is measured ceases to be what it was before. The quantitative measurement of academic performance has in fact triggered forms of gaming such as to alter the very game of scientific research, its purposes and the forms of its sharing. In the article we will carry out a comparison between the forms of mutation and the narratives that accompany them to see to what extent we are legitimate today to talk about the transformation of scientific research into s<em>trategic scientific research</em>.</p> 2024-01-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Luca Guerra The Return of the Panther. A university laboratory for the construction of an oral archive 2024-01-15T17:43:40+00:00 Sara Manali <div class="group w-full text-token-text-primary border-b border-black/10 dark:border-gray-900/50 bg-gray-50 dark:bg-[#444654]"> <div class="flex p-4 gap-4 text-base md:gap-6 md:max-w-2xl lg:max-w-[38rem] xl:max-w-3xl md:py-6 lg:px-0 m-auto"> <div class="relative flex w-[calc(100%-50px)] flex-col gap-1 md:gap-3 lg:w-[calc(100%-115px)]"> <div class="flex flex-grow flex-col gap-3"> <div class="min-h-[20px] flex flex-col items-start gap-3 overflow-x-auto whitespace-pre-wrap break-words"> <div class="markdown prose w-full break-words dark:prose-invert light"> <p>The article aims to present the activities of the Archival Laboratory at the University of Palermo, which involved the creation of an oral archive about the university movement known as "Pantera" (1989-90). Starting from some general observations about sound documents, oral sources, and sources for studying movements, the contribution reaches the broader project within which the Laboratory's activities unfold: "Limone Lunare," the archive of oral sources about political and social movements in contemporary Sicily. The article is completed with descriptions of the collected interviews.</p> </div> </div> </div> <div class="flex justify-between lg:block"> <div class="text-gray-400 flex self-end lg:self-center justify-center mt-2 gap-2 md:gap-3 lg:gap-1 lg:absolute lg:top-0 lg:translate-x-full lg:right-0 lg:mt-0 lg:pl-2 visible"><button class="flex ml-auto gap-2 rounded-md p-1 hover:bg-gray-100 hover:text-gray-700 dark:text-gray-400 dark:hover:bg-gray-700 dark:hover:text-gray-200 disabled:dark:hover:text-gray-400"></button> <div class="flex gap-1">&nbsp;</div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> 2024-01-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Sara Manali Librarianship as Civic Engagement 2023-12-10T17:28:48+00:00 Mauro Guerrini <p>The themes discussed in the contribution recur in the author’s theoretical reflection in recent years: definition of LIS: the discipline that reflects on the construction, organization, management and use, as well as on the languages and services to the public of the library; relationship between librarian and LIS teacher: both figures have the same identity, both insist on the same cultural and technical background; open access: the theme is fundamental as a substrate for the free sharing of research products; metadata creation: the process of recording data functional to the identification and retrieval of any type of resource; terminology: new concepts and new types of resources have imposed new terms; authority control: by assembling different data, it allows a greater identification of the resources and of the entities associated with them. The reflection ends with the importance of the international dimension of research.</p> 2023-12-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Mauro Guerrini Paolo Traniello (1938-2023) 2024-01-15T17:42:45+00:00 Editorial Board <p>In ricordo di Paolo Traniello</p> 2024-01-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Editorial Board