JLIS.it https://www.jlis.it/index.php/jlis <p><em>JLIS.it</em> —Italian Journal of Library, Archives, and Information Science— is an academic, cross-disciplinary, peer-reviewed, and open access journal, aiming to value innovative international research.</p> <p>JLIS.it achieved the <a href="https://doaj.org/faq#seal">DOAJ Seal of Approval for Open Access Journals</a> (the DOAJ Seal), <strong>a mark of certification for open access journals</strong>, awarded by DOAJ to journals that achieve a high level of openness, adhere to Best Practice and high publishing standards.</p> <p>Moreover JLIS.it is ranked by <a href="http://www.anvur.org/index.php?lang=it">ANVUR</a>, the Italian National Agency for the Evaluation of the University and Research Systems, as a <strong>"Classe A" journal</strong>. It's also indexed in <em>Emerging sources Citation Index</em> and <em>Scopus databases</em>.</p> <p><strong>Editor in chief: </strong><a>Mauro Guerrini</a>, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Italy</p> <p><strong>ISSN (online): </strong>2038-1026</p> Firenze University Press en-US JLIS.it 2038-1026 <p><a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" rel="license"><img src="http://i.creativecommons.org/l/by/4.0/88x31.png" alt="Creative Commons License" /></a><br />This work is licensed under a <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a>. </p> The Updating of ISBD and its transformation https://www.jlis.it/index.php/jlis/article/view/448 <p>This article describes the difficult work of revising the ISBD standard. It reviews the previous work and the conceptual and structural problems found in the process of updating the ISBD standard. After the recognition of the difficulties in debates, two points of view were distinguished among the members of the group that ended with the split of the ISBD Editorial Group into two subgroups. The article also gives an account of the changes carried out in the updating of the content of ISBD, to end with the discussion topics of the second working group that will change the structure of ISBD as we know it today</p> Elena Escolano Rodrìguez Copyright (c) 2022 Elena Escolano Rodrìguez https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-05-05 2022-05-05 13 2 1 12 10.36253/jlis.it-448 Artificial Intelligence Systems and problems of the concept of author. Reflections on a recent book https://www.jlis.it/index.php/jlis/article/view/458 <p class="Body">The publication of the book Beta Writer. 2019. Lithium-Ion Batteries. A Machine-Generated Summary of Current Research. New York, NY: Springer, produced with Artificial Intelligence software prompts analysis and reflections in several areas. First of all, on what Artificial Intelligence systems are able to do in the production of informative texts. This raises the question if and how an Artificial Intelligence software system can be treated as the author of a text it has produced. Evaluating whether this is correct and possible leads to re-examine the current conception for which it is taken for granted that the author is a person. This, in turn, when faced with texts produced by Artificial Intelligence systems necessarily raises the question of whether they, like the author-person, are endowed with agency. The article concludes that Artificial Intelligence systems are characterized by a distributed agency, shared with those who designed them and make them work, and that in the wake of the reflections of 50 years ago by Barthes and Foucault, it is necessary to define and recognize a new type of author.</p> Maurizio Lana Copyright (c) 2022 Maurizio Lana https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-05-05 2022-05-05 13 2 13 44 10.36253/jlis.it-458 The role of the Wikidata librarian in a renewed Bibliographical Universe: “next generation metadata”, next generation librarians https://www.jlis.it/index.php/jlis/article/view/460 <div> <p class="Corpo"><span lang="EN-US">Starting from a brief analysis of the OCLC Research report "Next generation metadata", the contribution proposes a reflection on the librarian metadata and the new centrality of its role in the LIS; among the various declinations that can assume such professional figure, One of the most interesting is the Wikidata librarian, of which a first definition is outlined. Following some international experiences of the use of Wikidata as a tool for new working methods, already consolidated in many library institutions, and as a particularly suitable environment for experimentation, thanks to its features of open, free, collaborative, easy to understand and use system. While information professionals and a large part of the academic and scientific environment have understood the potential of Wikidata, some weaknesses of this instrument have been highlighted, which must be corrected and recalibrated in the name of universally accessible and reusable knowledge, also taking into account the requirements contained in the Semantic Web Manifesto by the Cataloging and Indexing Study Group of the Italian Association of Libraries.</span></p> </div> Alessandra Boccone Copyright (c) 2022 Alessandra Boccone https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-05-05 2022-05-05 13 2 45 57 10.36253/jlis.it-460 Analysis and data visualization in bibliometric studies https://www.jlis.it/index.php/jlis/article/view/461 <p>In recent years, academics with different professional formation other than Information Sciences have been involved in research related to metric studies using approaches and techniques based on bibliometrics; however, these professionals do not have knowledge and necessary competences for conduct metric information studies in a rigorous and methodical way. This article aims to find what are methods and tools used by bibliometrics researchers through a descriptive and textual analysis, using methods such as word co-occurrence in bibliographical data extracted from scientific articles indexing in Web of Science, research area "Library &amp; Information Science." We find most frequently software and tools used in bibliometrics have four levels for data treatment: recovery, preparation, processing and analysis, visualization; and use different methods analysis: networks social, geospatial, thematic, temporal, bibliographic coupling, among others.</p> Joel Alhuay-Quispe Alonso Estrada-Cuzcano Lourdes Bautista-Ynofuente Copyright (c) 2022 Joel Alhuay-Quispe, Alonso Estrada-Cuzcano, Lourdes Bautista-Ynofuente https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-05-05 2022-05-05 13 2 58 73 10.36253/jlis.it-461 Voluntary Transparency in Spanish University Libraries https://www.jlis.it/index.php/jlis/article/view/457 <p>The research reported here aimed to ascertain the degree of transparency exhibited by Spanish public university libraries based on their active public disclosure practice. Transparency was measured by applying the TransPa_BA tool to the transparency-related information published by the country’s 50 public university libraries on their websites. The tool addresses 21 indicators grouped under eight areas, used in this study to measure university libraries’ public disclosure performance. The data collected were scored pursuant to the provisions of Spanish Act 19/2013 of 9 December on Transparency, Access to Public Information and Good Governance as adapted to university libraries, as well as in terms of other factors scantly developed in or omitted from the Act. The indicators and their respective parameters (content, form, accessibility, reusability, dating and updating or validity) constitute guidelines enabling libraries to enhance transparency and accountability by reporting their activities and practice in key areas to society in general and their stakeholders in particular. The objective is to help such institutions operate more transparently, for the information afforded by the indicators is deemed relevant to their activity while also monitoring their performance. The findings show that university libraries, which have become more transparent over time, are more transparent than other information units (national public libraries and historic and university archives). Some were nonetheless found to have room for improvement. On the grounds of their scores, these libraries can be classified under three headings: transparent, translucent or opaque. The parameters where good practices were most frequently identified included service usage rules and regulations, user charters and the annual report.</p> Ana R. Pacios Margarita Pérez Pulido Marina Vianello Copyright (c) 2022 Ana R. Pacios, Margarita Pérez Pulido, Marina Vianello https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-05-05 2022-05-05 13 2 74 91 10.36253/jlis.it-457 Institutional repositories and copyright in Greek academic libraries https://www.jlis.it/index.php/jlis/article/view/449 <p>Institutional repositories were created to collect, preserve, and make available the academic institution's scientific output. The purpose of this study is to investigate and illustrate how Greek academic libraries with institutional repositories deal with copyright challenges. The study aims to identify and describe if institutional repository managers apply a certain copyright clearance protocol, the problems they encounter, and how they deal with them. For this study, a quantitative research method based on questionnaires was employed. The questionnaire consisted of twenty-nine (29) questions separated into three (3) sections and was sent to thirty-one (31) academic libraries.</p> <p>According to the survey results, the majority of academic libraries have an institutional repository and provide open access to its content. It was found that academic institutional repositories face intellectual property difficulties. The biggest issue highlighted was a lack of knowledge of the notion of copyright. Finally, communication amongst libraries seems to be the foundation for developing a common policy and addressing the difficulties that have arisen in institutional repositories as a result of Greek copyright legislation limits.</p> Konstantinos Kyprianos Ekaterini Lygnou Copyright (c) 2022 Konstantinos Kyprianos, Ekaterini Lygnou https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-05-05 2022-05-05 13 2 92 112 10.36253/jlis.it-449 “Yomi” (readings) in bibliographic data for materials in Japanese https://www.jlis.it/index.php/jlis/article/view/450 <p>In bibliographic and authority data of materials in Japanese, it is necessary to represent kanji (Chinese characters) and its reading as a pair. Readings, called “yomi” in Japanese, are represented in katakana or the alphabet (romanization form). The readings in Japanese language have many variations depending on the context, so Japanese bibliographic information needs to provide both kanji and its reading as a pair to avoid misunderstandings.<br />The JAPAN/MARC is a machine readable version of the Japanese National Bibliography and provides sets of kanji, katakana-yomi and romaji-yomi (romanization form) of bibliographic and authority data. This paper introduces how readings of bibliographic and authority data in Japanese have been expressed and handled mainly in JAPAN/MARC, compared with international standards.</p> Kazue Murakami Copyright (c) 2022 Kazue Murakami https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-05-05 2022-05-05 13 2 113 127 10.36253/jlis.it-450 Others’ Books, Catalogues of our own: non-roman scripts in SBN https://www.jlis.it/index.php/jlis/article/view/462 <p style="margin-bottom: 0cm; line-height: 100%;">The catalogue of the Italian National Library System (SBN) is a roman-script-only database. Local libraries, on the other hand, are facing requests from an increasing number of users from other countries, and are filling the gaps of the national system by developing isolated, non-collaborative ways to manage resources in non-roman scripts.</p> <p style="margin-bottom: 0cm; line-height: 100%;">Though a couple of Institutions have recently, but independently each other, developed projects to catalogue resources in native scripts, it is still impossible to predict when this feature will be finally implemented. In the next future, Italian cataloguers will therefore still rely on romanization only. After having briefly reviewed the romanization methods recommended by the Italian cataloging rules (<em>REICAT</em>), the article suggests to expand its repertoire by establishing a method for identifying the most suitable romanization standards.</p> Oscar Nalesini Copyright (c) 2022 Oscar Nalesini https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-05-05 2022-05-05 13 2 128 142 10.36253/jlis.it-462 Covid, document production and administrative efficiency: a case study https://www.jlis.it/index.php/jlis/article/view/459 <p>The article outlines the document production process in some Italian research institutions and compares it to the same pre-pandemic time span by analyzing whether or not the work organization models that have been adopted have had an impact on the completion time of administrative procedures. The aim was to verify the trend of the performance indicators after the pandemic impact and how the absence of employees at work may have influenced the organizational models. Within specific administrative realities, human relationship is often a pillar to carry out activities correctly. The transition to the management of remote procedures carried out totally in digital form caused inevitably important consequences on the expected results.</p> Francesca Parisi Roberto Guarasci Roberto Elmo Copyright (c) 2022 Francesca Parisi, Roberto Guarasci, Roberto Elmo https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-05-05 2022-05-05 13 2 143 155 10.36253/jlis.it-459 A new archives definition https://www.jlis.it/index.php/jlis/article/view/465 <p>This paper aims to give a new definition of the word “Archives” as a result of an accurate survey of doctrinal orientations on this specific subject, analyzing - word by word – each particular lemma which makes up the new proposal. Even though there is no definition that is valid in every context, but archival theory seems to suffer largely from a heterogeneous vision, downstream of a rigorous scientific journey, but dense of conceptual and lexical unexpected contingencies. Each term - with meanings and contexts - does not constitute a simple signifier, but refers to a specific baggage of every disciplinary and cultural tradition. For these reasons, we will attempt to provide an overview of the definitions of archives, from the particular to the general.</p> Gianni Penzo Doria Copyright (c) 2022 Gianni Penzo Doria https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-05-05 2022-05-05 13 2 156 173 10.36253/jlis.it-465 Artists' archives https://www.jlis.it/index.php/jlis/article/view/468 <p>In the last few years, artists' archives have gained a central role in the debate on the nature, treatment and valorization of 20th century and contemporary archives. They are fascinating and precious aggregations, characterized by a plurality of documentary typologies and by specific requirements for their description. Starting from the definition of personal archives, the paper proposes a definition of artists' archives and then attempts to indicate their main characteristics, contents and elements of complexity. Finally, the paper attempts to establish a dialogue between archivists and artists, collectors, gallery owners, critics and curators in order to find common elements and differences in their actions.</p> <p>-</p> <p> </p> Dimitri Brunetti Copyright (c) 2022 Dimitri Brunetti https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-05-05 2022-05-05 13 2 174 188 10.36253/jlis.it-468 Certification and preservation of artworks in digital environments https://www.jlis.it/index.php/jlis/article/view/467 <p>Reflecting about the documentary heritage of artists requires the consideration of archival, legal, historical-artistic and museological factors. If the analogue productions of artifacts and the correlated documentation have been studied, transferring the creative perspective into a digital environment asks to face a reality in turmoil: the ways of expressing and representing contemporary art, in balance between digital and crypto art, require new visions in the production and management of works. In this redefinition of roles and relationships, which almost exclusively concern the documentary structure and the technological and digital components, document systems assume a primary role.</p> Concetta Damiani Copyright (c) 2022 Concetta Damiani https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-05-05 2022-05-05 13 2 189 202 10.36253/jlis.it-467 Quality of papers, gender balance, accessibility, environmental sustainability https://www.jlis.it/index.php/jlis/article/view/472 <p>JLIS.it, in full respect of the originality, rigor, and scientific quality of each of the papers published, places among its constitutive values ​​the dissemination of science within the broad context of open science. This mission intends to guarantee conditions of accessibility and equitable results to researchers, collaborators, reviewers, board members, and readers, regardless of their affiliation, gender, age, geographical origin, or economic condition.</p> JLIS.it Editorial board Copyright (c) 2022 JLIS.it Editorial board https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-05-05 2022-05-05 13 2 I II 10.36253/jlis.it-472