Semantic alignment in museums, archives and libraries. The ontologies for describing relationships


This paper presents the state of the art of the cataloguing description of personal relationships between creators of archival records and people that are related to the life cycle of cultural objects, as highlighted by museums, archives and libraries records (i.e. GLAM, translated in italian MAB). Since people are fundamental access points to the cultural heritage, the representation of relationships between people and corporate bodies in Linked Open Data is of increasing interest. Nonetheless, a shared and comprehensive vocabulary of personal relationships is not available yet. Leveraging on Semantic Web technologies, and ontologies in particular, the aim is to identify existing ontologies that allow to represent relationships in their context (i.e. time, space and events); to map and classify different types of personal relationships; and to provide a formal representation of relationships not available in existing ontologies. As a result, we present an ontology, with a controlled vocabulary, for the representation of the scenario of personal relationships in the cultural heritage domain.


Ontology modelling; Cultural Heritage; Archival Science; Semantic relationship.

Full Text:

TESTO (Italiano)




Bergman, M. K. 2010. “A Reference Guide to Ontology Best Practices.” AI3: Adaptive Information blog, Sept. 13.

Biagetti, Maria Teresa. 2016. “Un modello ontologico per l’integrazione delle informazioni del patrimonio culturale: CIDOC-CRM.” 7,3:43−77.

Bianchini, Carlo e Mauro Guerrini. 2014. Introduzione a RDA. Linee guida per rappresentare e scoprire le risorse. Milano: Bibliografica.

Doerr, Martin, Stefan Gradmann, Steffen Hennicke, Antoine Isaac, Carlo Meghini, and Herbert van de Sompel. 2010. “The europeana data model (edm)”. World Library and Information Congress: 76th IFLA general conference and assembly.

Daquino, Marilena, Silvio Peroni, Francesca Tomasi, and Fabio Vitali. 2014. “Political Roles Ontology (PRoles): enhancing archival authority records through Semantic Web technologies.” Procedia computer science 38:60−67.

Guerrini, Mauro, and Barbara B. Tillett, edited by. 2003. Authority Control: definizione ed esperienze internazionali. Firenze: University Press.

Guerrini, Mauro, edited by. 2013. Global interoperability and linked data in libraries. Special issue, editor Mauro, Proceedings by Gianfranco Crupi and Ginevra Peruginelli. 4,1.

Guerrini, Mauro e Tiziana Possemato. 2015. Linked data per biblioteche, archivi e musei. Milano:Bibliografica.

Hyvönen, Eero. 2012. Publishing and Using Cultural Heritage Linked Data on the Semantic Web. USA:Morgan & Claypool.

Llanes-Padrón, Dunia, and Pastor-Sánchez, Juan-Antonio. 2017. “Records in contexts: the road of archives to semantic interoperability.” Program 51,4:387−405.

Mazzini, Silvia, and Francesca Ricci. 2011. “EAC-CPF Ontology and Linked Archival Data.” Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Semantic Digital Archives (SDA 2011) 72−81.

McCallum, Sally. 2017. “BIBFRAME Development.” 8,3:71−85.

Peroni, Silvio, Shotton David, and Fabio Vitali. 2012. “Scholarly publishing and Linked Data: describing roles, statuses, temporal and contextual extents.” In Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Semantic Systems, edited by Harald Sack and T. Pellegrini, 9−16. New York: ACM.

Peroni, Silvio, Shotton, David. 2018. “The SPAR Ontologies.” In Proceedings of the 17th International Semantic Web Conference (ISWC 2018), 119−136.

Peroni, Silvio, Tomasi, Francesca, and Fabio Vitali. 2012. “Reflecting on the europeana data model.” Italian Research Conference on Digital Libraries. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. 228−240.

Petrucciani, Alberto. 2003. “L’altra metà della catalogazione. Nuovi modelli e prospettive per il controllo degli autori e delle opere.” In Authority Control: definizione ed esperienze internazionali, edited by Mauro Guerrini and Barbara B. Tillett, Firenze: University Press.

Pitti, Daniel V. 2003. “Descrizione del soggetto produttore. Contesto archivistico codificato”. In Authority Control: definizione ed esperienze internazionali, edited by Mauro Guerrini and Barbara B. Tillett, Firenze: University Press.

Southwick, Silvia B. 2015. “A Guide for Transforming Digital Collections Metadata into Linked Data Using Open Source Technologies.” Journal of Library Metadata 15,1:1–35.

Tomasi, Francesca, and Marilena Daquino. 2015. “Modellare ontologicamente il dominio archivistico in una prospettiva di integrazione disciplinare.” 6,3:13−38.

Vitali, Stefano. 1999. “Le convergenze parallele. Archivi e biblioteche negli istituti culturali”. Rassegna degli archivi di stato 59:36−59.

Vitali, Stefano. 2003. “La seconda edizione di ISAAR(CPF) e il controllo d'autorità nei sistemi di descrizione archivistica.” In Authority Control: definizione ed esperienze internazionali, edited by Mauro Guerrini and Barbara B. Tillett. Firenze: University Press.

W3C Incubator Group Report. 2011. Library Linked Data Incubator Group: Datasets, Value Vocabularies, and Metadata Element Sets. Last version October 25.

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Francesca Tomasi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. is a journal of UNIFI-SAGAS published by EUM - edizioni università di macerata