Essays

Stepping Beyond Libraries: The Changing Orientation in Global GLAM-Wiki


Abstract


Wikipedia and its community has seen an increasingly close relationship between library communities, with both communities sharing overlapping values and practices related to public access to knowledge, a desire for openness, defence of freedom of speech, representing marginalized communities, and broad shared interest in reliable factual information and citations. This is best in evidence from the IFLA’ Wikipedia and Libraries Opportunity Papers and the substantial growth and ubiquity of the #1lib1ref campaign. However, the relationships between cultural heritage organizations (known as GLAMs -- Galleries, Libraries, Archives and Museums) and the Wikimedia communities working on Wikipedia, Wikimedia Commons and other Wikimedia projects, began in its relationships to Museums and Archives: partnerships like that with the British Museum in 2010 led to a collective effort to encourage GLAM organizations to contribute to and participate in Wikimedia Communities.

Though early partnerships in the GLAM-Wiki space focused on batch uploads of digital content to Wikimedia Commons, embedding Wikimedia-designated experts called Wikipedians in Residence, and editing activities, like editathons, which write expert advised content into Wikipedia, in the last 6 years, the landscape in which partnership with cultural heritage institutions has shifted radically. Two major trends have developed in the Wikimedia community: a shift towards facilitating linked open data with Wikidata and the expansion of GLAM-Wiki projects to support institutions that not only have large digital capacity and funding, but also institutions with limited resources, collections focused on marginalized knowledge, and collections in parts of the world with limited digital expertise. In this transition, Wikimedia communities have become change agents in bringing both linked open data and open digital practices to institutions around the world.

In this paper, we will explore how GLAM-Wiki tactics, opportunities and collaboration are changing the GLAM use of Wikimedia projects from being viewed as just a platform for exposing collection to a broader public audience, into a growing part of the heritage professional toolkit.



Keywords


GLAM-Wiki; Wikimedia; Wikipedia; Wikidata.

Full Text:

TEXT


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4403/jlis.it-12480

References


“Aboriginal Communities Outreach.” 2017. Wikimedia Canada. Accessed March 15, 2018. https://ca.wikimedia.org/wiki/Aboriginal_communities_outreach.

“Afrocrowd.” 2018. afrocrowd.org. Accessed March 15, 2018. http://www.afrocrowd.org/.

Allison-Cassin, Stacy. 2017. “Research Libraries and Wikimedia: A Shared Commitment to Diversity, Open Knowledge, and Community Participation.” Wikimedia Blog. April 10, 2017. https://blog.wikimedia.org/2017/10/04/libraries-wikipedia-york-university-project/.

AOTUS 2013. “Breaking new ground again.” Aotus.blogs.archives.gov. September 19, 2013. https://aotus.blogs.archives.gov/2013/09/19/breaking-new-ground-again/.

“Assessment of Belfer Center Wikipedian in Residence Program.” 2014. Meta.wikimedia.org. Accessed April 18, 2018. https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Assessment_of_Belfer_Center_Wikipedian_in_Residence_program

Bartholomew, Daniel. 2011. “Announcing Our GLAM Fellow, Liam Wyatt.” Wikimedia Blog. January 19, 2011. https://blog.wikimedia.org/2011/01/19/announcing-our-glam-fellow-liam-wyatt/.

Bartov, Asaf. 2011. “US Cultural Partnerships Coordinator: Lori Byrd Phillips.” Wikimedia Blog. July 12, 2011. https://blog.wikimedia.org/2011/12/07/us-cultural-partnerships-coordinator-lori-byrd-phillips/.

“Black Lunch Table.” 2018. theblacklunchtable.com. Accessed March 15, 2018. http://www.theblacklunchtable.com/.

Cohen, Noam. 2010. “British Museum Collaborates With Wikipedia.” The New York Times, June 4, 2010, sec. Art & Design. Accessed March 15, 2018. https://www.nytimes.com/2010/06/05/arts/design/05wiki.html.

“Commons:Bundesarchiv.” 2016. Commons.wikimedia.org. Accessed April 14, 2018. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Commons:Bundesarchiv.

“Defining Emerging Communities.” 2017. meta.wikimedia.org. Accessed March 15, 2018. https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Community_Engagement/Defining_Emerging_Communities.

“Editathons Training.” 2017. Wikimedia Programs & Events Dashboard. Accessed March 15, 2018. https://outreachdashboard.wmflabs.org/training/editathons.

Evans, Jason. 2017. “Wikidata Loves GLAMs.” presented at the WikidataCon 2017, October 28. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:WikidataCon_2017_-_Wikidata_loves_GLAMs.webm.

Fischer, Barbara. 2016. “Learning Pattern: Coding Da Vinci - the Culture Hackathon.” meta.wikimedia.org. Accessed March 15, 2018. https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Learning_patterns/Coding_da_Vinci_-_the_culture_hackathon.

Gardner, Sue. 2012. “Narrowing Focus.” meta.wikimedia.org. Accessed March 15, 2018. https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Sue_Gardner/Narrowing_focus.

“Gender Gap.” 2018. meta.wikimedia.org. Accessed March 15, 2018. https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Gender_gap.

“Get Your Vocabularies in Wikidata… so Europeana and Others Can Get Them.” 2017. Europeana.eu. Accessed March 15, 2018. https://pro.europeana.eu/page/get-your-vocabularies-in-wikidata.

“GLAM Case Studies: Catalonia’s Network of Public Libraries.” 2015. outreach.wikimedia.org. Accessed March 15, 2018. https://outreach.wikimedia.org/wiki/GLAM/Case_studies/Catalonia%27s_Network_of_Public_Libraries.

“GLAM Case Studies: Wiki Club in Macedonia: From Idea to Award.” 2017. outreach.wikimedia.org. Accessed March 15, 2018. https://outreach.wikimedia.org/wiki/GLAM/Case_studies/Wiki_Club_in_Macedonia:_from_idea_to_award.

“GLAM Case Studies: Wikimedia Argentina Digitization Project.” 2016. outreach.wikimedia.org. Accessed March 15, 2018. https://outreach.wikimedia.org/wiki/GLAM/Case_studies/Wikimedia_Argentina_Digitization_Project.

“GLAM Model Projects.” 2018. outreach.wikimedia.org. Accessed March 15, 2018. https://outreach.wikimedia.org/wiki/GLAM/Model_projects.

“GLAM Newsletter.” 2018. outreach.wikimedia.org. Accessed March 15, 2018. https://outreach.wikimedia.org/wiki/GLAM/Newsletter.

“GLAM Newsletter November 2017: Serbia Report.” 2017. outreach.wikimedia.org. Accessed March 15, 2018. https://outreach.wikimedia.org/wiki/GLAM/Newsletter/November_2017/Contents/Serbia_report.

“GLAM Newsletter October 2017: Serbia Report.” 2017. outreach.wikimedia.org. Accessed March 15, 2018. https://outreach.wikimedia.org/wiki/GLAM/Newsletter/October_2017/Contents/Serbia_report.

“GLAM-WIKI 2009 Report.” 2009. meta.wikimedia.org. Accessed March 15, 2018. https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/GLAM-WIKI_2009_report.

“GLAM-WIKI Recommendations.” 2009. meta.wikimedia.org. Accessed March 15, 2018. https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/GLAM-WIKI_Recommendations.

Iliev, Lilli. 2016. “Learning Pattern: GLAM on Tour - Connecting Wikipedians and Cultural Institutions on the Local Level.” meta.wikimedia.org. Accessed March 15, 2018. https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Learning_patterns/GLAM_on_Tour_-_connecting_Wikipedians_and_cultural_institutions_on_the_local_level.

“KB Research Portal.” 2018. Koninklijke Bibliotheek. Accessed March 15, 2018. http://www.kbresearch.nl/xportal/#.

Lih, Andrew. 2015. “GLAM and Collaboration in Wikipedia Posters for Wikipedia Space at the National Archives.” commons.wikimedia.org. Accessed March 15, 2018. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:WikipediaSpace-WS8-GLAM-v1.pdf.

McDevitt-Parks, Dominic. 2014. “A Primer on Wikipedia Editathons (MCN 2014).” Presented at Museum Computer Network 2014, November 21. https://www.slideshare.net/DominicMcDevittParks/a-primer-on-wikipedia-editathons-mcn-2014.

Morgan, Jonathan. 2018. “Research: Supporting Commons Contribution by GLAM Institutions.” meta.wikimedia.org. Accessed March 15, 2018. https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Research:Supporting_Commons_contribution_by_GLAM_institutions.

Nartey, Felix, and Raphael Berchie. 2015. “Grants:PEG: Wikimedia Ghana User Group: GLAM GHANA.” meta.wikimedia.org. Accessed March 15, 2018. https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Grants:PEG/Wikimedia_Ghana_User_Group/GLAM_GHANA.

Panigrahi, Subhashish. 2015. “Odia Wikisource Digitizes Classic Books to Create Large Unicode Text Library.” Wikimedia Blog. May 14, 2015. https://blog.wikimedia.org/2015/01/14/odia-wikisource-digitizes-classic-books/.

Scott, Dan. 2017. “Enriching Catalogue Pages in Evergreen with Wikidata.” Coffee|Code: Dan Scott’s Blog. December 8, 2017. https://coffeecode.net/enriching-catalogue-pages-in-evergreen-with-wikidata.html.

Sengupta, Anasuya. 2017. “Learning Pattern: Centering Marginalised Knowledge.” meta.wikimedia.org. Accessed March 15, 2018. https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Learning_patterns/Centering_Marginalised_Knowledge.

“Structured Data on Wikimedia Commons.” 2017. commons.wikimedia.org. Accessed March 15, 2018. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Commons:Structured_data.

Szafran-Kozakowska, Natalia, Wojciech Pędzich, and Marta Malina Moraczewska. 2016. “Ethnographers and Wikipedians Join Forces to Showcase the Cultural Heritage of the Carpathian Region.” Wikimedia Blog. Accessed March 15, 2018. https://blog.wikimedia.org/2016/09/01/carpathian-ethnography/.

Veen, Theo van. 2017. “Wikidata as Universal (Library) Thesaurus.” presented at the WikidataCon 2017. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Wikidatacon2017_-_Wikidata_as_universal_(library)_thesaurus.webm.

“Why Data Partners Should Link Their Vocabulary to Wikidata: A New Case Study.” 2017. Europeana.eu. Accessed March 15, 2018. https://pro.europeana.eu/post/why-data-partners-should-link-their-vocabulary-to-wikidata-a-new-case-study.

“Wikidata: Europeana Art History Challenge.” 2015. wikidata.org. Accessed March 15, 2018. https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Wikidata:Europeana_Art_History_Challenge.

“Wikidata: WikiProject Sum of All Paintings.” 2014-2018. wikidata.org. Accessed March 15, 2018. https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Wikidata:WikiProject_sum_of_all_paintings.

Wikimedia. 2018. “Wikimedia projects.” Accessed March 15, 2018. https://www.wikimedia.org/.

“Wikimedia Diversity Conference 2017: Diversity Conversation.” 2017. meta.wikimedia.org. Accessed March 15, 2018. https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikimedia_Diversity_Conference_2017/Diversity_conversation.

“Wikimedia Movement 2017 Strategic Direction.” 2017. meta.wikimedia.org. Accessed March 15, 2018. https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Strategy/Wikimedia_movement/2017/Direction.

“Wikimedia Nederland: The Netherlands and the World.” 2016. meta.wikimedia.org. Accessed March 15, 2018. https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikimedia_Nederland/The_Netherlands_and_the_world.

“Wikipedia:GLAM/British Museums.” 2010 en.wikipedia.org. Accessed April 18, 2018. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:GLAM/British_Museum.

“Wikipedia: WikiProject Women in Red.” 2015-2018. en.wikipedia.org. Accessed March 15, 2018. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:WikiProject_Women_in_Red.

“Wikipedian in Residence.” 2018. outreach.wikimedia.org. Accessed March 15, 2018. https://outreach.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikipedian_in_Residence.

“Wikisource: BAnQ.” 2015. fr.wikisource.org. Accessed March 15, 2018. https://fr.wikisource.org/wiki/Wikisource:BAnQ.

Wyatt, Liam. 2011. “What next in GLAM.” presented at Wikimania 2011. https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=File%3AWikimania_2011_-_What_next_in_GLAM.pdf.


Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Alexander D. Stinson, Sandra Fauconnier, Liam Wyatt

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Logo Università di FirenzeLogo EUMJLIS.it is a journal of the SAGAS Department, University of Florence, published by EUM, Edizioni Università di Macerata (Italy).

ISSN: 2038-1026

Openaire Logo DOAJ seal