Essays

New ways of creating and sharing bibliographic information: an experiment of using the Wikibase Data Model for UNIMARC data


Abstract


Starting from the consideration that UNIMARC (and in general the MARC) is in fact an ontology, this contribution proposes to make it explicit and to convert it – only at a syntactic level – in Linked Data / RDF structures through the use of the Wikibase data model. The outcome could therefore become not only the publication of data as LOD, but also an environment for the production of bibliographic data, that allows different ontological approaches. We illustrate the possibility to achieve a restructuring of the UNIMARC record into distinct items by data type (potentially referred also to the different FRBR entities), retaining the possibility to recover all the information of the original format. Then we highlight the Wikibase solutions that become exploitable for the MARC: “usable version” of the record, with explicitation of the encoded values, and definitions connected to the data in the same system; identification of univocal data with URIs, as required in the context of the semantic web; source of the data recorded for each field; statistics on the presence of fields and subfields; new storage format natively designed for collaborative editing; export of all elements in standard RDF; support of modification via open API.


Keywords


MARC; Linked Open Data; Wikidata; Wikibase Data Model; UNIMARC; Bibliographic ontologies.

Full Text:

TEXT


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4403/jlis.it-12458

References


Baker, Tom. 2013. “Designing data for the open world of the Web”. Jlis, 4(2013), 1, https://www.jlis.it/article/view/6308/7865.

Berners-Lee, Tim. 2006. “Linked data” http://www.w3.org/DesignIssues/LinkedData.html

Berners-Lee, Tim, James Hendler and Ora Lassila. 2001. “The semantic web. A new form of Web content that is meaningful to computers will unleash a revolution of new possibilities”. The scientific American. http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=the-semantic-web

Caplan, Priscilla. 2003. “Metadata fundamentals for all librarians”. Chicago:ALA.

Coyle, Karen. 2011. “MARC21 as Data: A Start”. Code4Lib Journal, 14.

Coyle, Karen. 2012. “Linked data tools: connecting on the Web”. ALA Library Technology Reports, 48 (4).

Coyle, Karen. 2016. “FRBR, Before and After: A Look at Our Bibliographic Models”. Chicago:ALA. http://www.kcoyle.net/beforeAndAfter/978-0-8389-1364-2.pdf

Coyle, Karen. 2017. “Precipitating Forward” http://kcoyle.blogspot.it/2017/04/precipitating-forward.html

Erxleben, Fredo, Michael Günther, Markus Krötzsch, Julian Mendez, and Denny Vrandečić. 2014. “Introducing Wikidata to the Linked Data Web”. In Proceedings of the 13th International Semantic Web Conference: 50–65. Springer.

Hallo, María, Sergio Luján-Mora, Alejandro Maté, and Juan Trujillo. 2016. “Current state of Linked Data in digital libraries”. Journal of Information Science 42: 117-127, first published on July 21, 2015 doi:10.1177/0165551515594729.

Svenonius, Elaine. 1992. "Bibliographic Entities and Their Uses." in Proceedings of the Seminar on Bibliographical Records, held in Stockholm, 15-16 August 1990. Munchen: K.G. Saur: 3-18.

Tennant, Roy. 2017. “‘MARC Must Die’ 15 Years On” https://hangingtogether.org/?p=6221 .

Vrandečić, Denny and Markus Krötzsch. 2014. “Wikidata: A Free Collaborative Knowledgebase”. In Communications of the ACM, 57 (10): 78–85.


Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Giovanni Bergamin, Cristian Bacchi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Logo Università di FirenzeLogo EUMJLIS.it is a journal of the SAGAS Department, University of Florence, published by EUM, Edizioni Università di Macerata (Italy).

ISSN: 2038-1026

Openaire Logo DOAJ seal