Essays

Library Metadata on the web: the example of data.bnf.fr


Abstract


In library catalogs as much as on the web, metadata acts as a transparent language through which concrete objects are looked for, found and obtained. Past decades have seen web browsing evolving so as to, by reducing query time to a slight amount, make web surfers forget that they are looking for things online: through this, online querying has become as trivial and invisible as would be the use of a currency as a medium of exchange. In fact, metadata sets and currencies share in the contemporary world a common nature, or at least universal principles: both are measuring the value of things in regard to people’s need (of which search engine queries can be seen as a manifestation), and both can be viewed as temporary substitutes to those needed things before their obtention.
The following article will thus examine both the transparency and materiality of bibliographical data firstly by demonstrating its monetary aspect, secondly by showing its materiality, and thirdly by explaining how the adoption of Linked Open Data standards contributes to the reification of data itself. Its argumentation is for its bigger part drawn from the data.bnf.fr experiment, which has been launched in 2011. This website is a project of the National Library of France, aiming at disseminating data from the BnF various catalogs and applications while constituting a single point of access for users from the web to collections descriptions scattered across many search tools. As this website principles are based on both online visibility and linked open data dissemination, this article will try to demonstrate how those two principles are going hand in hand.

Keywords


Library Metadata; Semantic web; Linked Open Data; BnF; data.bnf.fr

Full Text:

Text


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4403/jlis.it-12402

References


Berners-Lee, Tim. 2010. “Linked Data - Design Issues.” Accessed April 11, 2017. https://www.w3.org/DesignIssues/LinkedData.html.

Cardon, Dominique. 2013. “Dans l’esprit du PageRank.” Réseaux 177:63-95. “data.bnf.fr”. Accessed May, 31 2017. http://data.bnf.fr/.

Glorieux, Frédéric. 2016. “Data.bnf.fr, Les Documents.” J’attends Des Résultats. Accessed April 6, 2017. https://resultats.hypotheses.org/795.

Hickey, Thomas B. and Toves, Jenny. 2009. “FRBR Work-Set Algorithm. Version 2.0.” Dublin, OH: OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. (Research division). Published online at: http://www.oclc.org/research/activities/past/orprojects/frbralgorithm/2009-08.pdf.

Loukissas, Yanni and Battles Matthew. 2013. "Data Artifacts: Visualizing Orders of Knowledge in Mega-Meta Collections." Classification and visualization: interfaces to knowledge: proceedings of the International UDC Seminar, 24-25 October 2013, The Hague, The Netherlands, edited by Aida Slavic, Almila Akdag Salah & Sylvie Davies. Würzburg: Ergon Verlag.

Loukissas, Yanni. 2015. “The Life and Death of Data.” Accessed April 10, 2017. http://lifeanddeathofdata.org/.

Nuzzolese, Andrea, Giovanni, Presutti, Valentina, Gangemi, Aldo, Peroni, Silvio and Ciancarini, Paolo. 2016. “Aemoo: Linked Data Exploration Based on Knowledge Patterns”. Semantic Web 0:1-28. http://www.semantic-web-journal.net/content/aemoo-linked-data-exploration-based-knowledge-patterns-1

Thomas, Neal. 2012. “Algorithmic subjectivity and the need to be in-formed”. In TEM 2012: Proceedings of the Technology & Emerging Media Track – Annual Conference of the Canadian Communication Association (Waterloo, May 30 - June 1, 2012), edited by Guillaume Latzko-Toth and Florence Millerand. http://www.tem.fl.ulaval.ca/www/wpcontent/PDF/Waterloo_2012/THOMAS-TEM2012.pdf


Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Raphaëlle Lapôtre

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Logo Università di FirenzeJLIS.it is published by Università di Firenze, Dipartimento di Storia, Archeologia, Geografia, Arte e Spettacolo (SAGAS) and hosted by University of Macerata, CSIA (Italy).

ISSN: 2038-1026

Openaire Logo DOAJ seal