Essays

Advocating for a change of mentality in the development of metadata standards: historical celestial cartography as a specialization example


Abstract


We live in a highly volatile technological environment, in which the generation of new data and information access tools has increased the level of specialization of the users’ information needs. In this changeable scenario, standards and the role of librarians must also evolve along with the services provided to users. The lack of specialization in standards is leading librarians to improvise local solutions when cataloguing specialized resources, thus failing to benefit global interoperability among libraries, and with other institutions and initiatives. As different cataloguing standards, as well as many conceptual models, point out the necessity to deal with the specific users’ needs, the main goal of this paper is to advocate for meeting those needs through the development of metadata standards. In particular, our methodology consists in showing and explaining the needs of a particular type of users (astronomers and astrophysicists) and proposing the inclusion in the standards of elements important for the description of historical astronomical resources. Through an example, we show not only the feasibility of application of these elements, but also how the enhancement of the level of specialization of the standards, and therefore of the records made under their rules, can definitely contribute to a global solution for a much improved scientific information retrieval.


Keywords


Metadata; Star Charts; Celestial Cartography; Cataloguing Standards; User Astronomical Needs.

Full Text:

Text


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4403/jlis.it-12398

References


Alonso Lifante, M. Pilar, and Francisco Javier Molero. 2015. “Enhancing OPAC records: Evaluating and fitting within cataloguing standards a new proposal of description parameters for historical astronomical resources.” Library Resources & Technical Services 59 (4): 140. doi:10.5860/lrts.59n4.140.

Alonso Lifante, M. Pilar. 2014. “Recuperación de información astronómica: Nuevas perspectivas de análisis de la cartografía celeste histórica.” PhD diss., Universidad de Murcia. http://hdl.handle.net/10201/42086

Biblioteca Virtual de Defensa. “Carta fotográfica del cielo : Posición del centro para 1900 AR= 0h 4m, D= -3º: zona -3º Nº 1”. Observatorio de San Fernando. http://bibliotecavirtualdefensa.es/BVMDefensa/i18n/consulta/registro.cmd?id=37295

Chinnici, Ileana, and International Astronomical Union, eds. 1999. La Carte du Ciel: correspondance inédite conservée dans les archives de l’Observatoire de Paris. Paris: Observatoire de Paris.

Griffis, Patrick, and Cyrus Ford. 2009. “Enhancing OPAC records for discovery.” Information Technology & Libraries 28 (4): 192.

IFLA. Cataloguing Section (Cats Sc) Standing Committee. 2014. Minutes. Lyon. http://www.ifla.org/files/assets/cataloguing/reports/minutes_2014.pdf

IFLA FRBR Review Group. 2016. Functional requirements: the FRBR family of models. http://www.ifla.org/node/2016

------. 2017. Superseded ISBDs list. http://www.ifla.org/isbd-rg/superseded-isbd-s

IFLA FRBR Review Group. Consolidation Editorial Group. 2017. FRBR Library reference model. (Not yet endorsed by the IFLA Professional Committee or Governing Board) https://www.ifla.org/files/assets/cataloguing/frbr-lrm/ifla_lrm_2017-03.pdf

IFLA Statement of international cataloguing principles (ICP). 2016 Edition with minor revisions, 2017 https://www.ifla.org/files/assets/cataloguing/icp/icp_2016-en.pdf

IFLA Study Group on the Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records. 1998. Functional requirements for bibliographic records: final report. UBCIM Publications. München: K.G. Saur. https://www.ifla.org/files/assets/cataloguing/frbr/frbr.pdf

IFLA Working Group on Functional Requirements and Numbering of Authority Records (FRANAR). 2009. Functional requirements for authority data: a conceptual model. München: K. G. Saur. Amended version issued in 2013. https://www.ifla.org/files/assets/cataloguing/frad/frad_2013.pdf

IFLA Working Group on the Functional Requirements for Subject Authority Records (FRSAR). 2010. Functional requirements for subject authority data (FRSAD): a conceptual model. https://www.ifla.org/files/assets/classification-and-indexing/functional-requirements-for-subject-authority-data/frsad-model.pdf

International Open Data Conference 2016 - 4th IODC16. Summary report and the Second action plan for international collaboration. October 6-7, 2016. Madrid. http://od4d.com/roadmap/assets/files/report-iodc-2016-web.pdf

ISBD: International standard bibliographic description – Consolidated edition. 2011. International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions. IFLA Series on Bibliographic Control, v. 44. Berlin ; Boston: De Gruyter Saur.

Jones, Derek. 2000. “The scientific value of the Carte du ciel.” Astronomy and Geophysics 41 (5): 5.16-5.21. doi:10.1046/j.1468-4004.2000.41516.x.

Kanas, Nick. 2009. Star maps: History, artistry, and cartography. New York: Praxis Publishing Ltd.

Laskov, Lasko M. and Milcho Tsvetkov. 2013. “Data extraction from Carte du Ciel triple images.” Serdica J. Computing 7(4): 317-22. http://serdica-comp.math.bas.bg/index.php/serdicajcomputing/article/view/200/195

Observatorio de San Fernando. 1922. Carta fotográfica del cielo. Zona -3 Nº 1. Posición del centro para 1900. AR0 h 4 m; D: -3º. 3 exposiciones de 30 minutos. 8 de Noviembre de 1922.Héliog & Imp. L. Schntzenberger, Paris.

Perryman, Michael. 2009. Astronomical applications of astrometry: Ten years of exploitation of the Hipparcos satellite data. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

------. 2012. “The history of astrometry.” The European Physical Journal H 37 (5): 745–92. doi: 10.1140/epjh/e2012-30039-4.

Randazzo, Donatella. 2007. “Carte du ciel: Call for the compilation of a complete inventory of publications.” In: Ricketts, Sandra, Christina Birdie and Eva Isaksson, eds. Library and Information Services in Astronomy V: Common challenges, uncommon solutions. ASP Conference Series, Vol. 377, pp. 369-373. http://www.aspbooks.org/a/volumes/article_details/?paper_id=5225

Tosaka, Yuji, and Cathy Weng. 2011. “Reexamining content-enriched access: Its effect on usage and discovery.” College & Research Libraries 72 (5): 412–27. doi: 10.5860/crl-137.

Vaquero, J. M., M. C. Gallego, J. J. Ruiz-Lorenzo, T. López-Moratalla, V. M. S. Carrasco, A. J. P. Aparicio, F. J. González-González, and E. Hernández-García. 2016. “Monitoring the solar radius from the Royal Observatory of the Spanish Navy since 1773.” Solar Physics 291 (6): 1599–1612. doi: 10.1007/s11207-016-0939-5.


Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Elena Escolano Rodríguez, M. Pilar Alonso-Lifante, Francisco Javier Molero, Donatella Randazzo

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Logo Università di FirenzeJLIS.it is published by Università di Firenze, Dipartimento di Storia, Archeologia, Geografia, Arte e Spettacolo (SAGAS) and hosted by University of Macerata, CSIA (Italy).

ISSN: 2038-1026

Openaire Logo DOAJ seal